The instrumental case is the case of companionship and instrumentality.
- Hrvoje ide u školu sa svojim prijateljima. (Hrvoje goes to school with his friends.
- Iskopala sam krumpir rukama. (I've dug out the potatoe with my hands. )
- Hrvoje goes to school with his friends meaning they are accompanying him.
- The subject (a woman) dug out a potatoe with her hands. Her hands are the instrument of the action, so the intrumental case is used. Note that there is no preposition before the noun in the instrumental case. When a noun is in the intrumental case and it is the instrument of the action, preposition is not necessary.
Prepositions that usually preceed a noun in the instrumental state: s(a), pred, za, nad(a), pod(a), među.
A language is a method of communication. Human spoken and written languages can be described as a system of symbols (sometimes known as lexemes) and the grammars (rules) by which the symbols are manipulated. The word "language" is also used to refer to common properties of languages.
Language learning is normal in human childhood. Most human languages use patterns of sound or gesture for symbols which enable communication with others. There are thousands of human languages, and these seem to share certain properties, even though every shared property has exceptions.
There is no defined line between a language and a dialect, but it is often said that a language is a dialect with an army and a navy, a statement credited to Max Weinreich. Humans and computer programs have also constructed other languages, including conlangs such as Esperanto, Ido, Interlingua, Klingon, programming languages, and various mathematical formalisms. These languages are not necessarily restricted to the properties shared by human languages.
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