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the croatian alphabet - hrvatska abeceda

The Croatian alphabet consists of 30 letters, of which 5 are vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and 25 consonants. Each sound is represented by a single letter as you are able to hear from the recordings. Beside regular Latin letters, Croatian alphabet also has diacritical letters (č, ć, đ, š, ž) and digraphs (dž, lj, nj). Dž is both a diacritical letter and a digraph.


Upper case

Lower case

Example

English translation of the example

A a Anarhija Anarchy
B b Brijeg Hill
C c Cesta Road
Č č Čizma Boot
Ć ć Ćup Pitcher
D d Dlan Palm of the hand
Džep Pocket
Đ đ Đavao Devil
E e Ekran Screen
F f Frula Flute
G g Gušter Lizard
H h Hrast Oak tree
I i Igra Game
J j Jaje Egg
K k Krov Roof
L l Luk Onion, bow
Lj lj Ljubav Love
M m Majka Mother
N n Nož Knife
Nj nj Njuška Snout
O o Obala Coast
P p Plaža Beach
R r Ruka Arm
S s San Dream
Š š Škola School
T t Trešnja Cherry
U u Ugljen Coal
V v Vrata Door
Z z Zrak Air
Ž ž Žlica Spoon

did you know?
Letters đ and dž are pronounced the same by most Croatians because most dialects don't differentiate their pronunciation.

random phrases
Mačji kašalj!

Piece of cake! (lit. cat's cough)
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