The locative case is the case which determines the place and the surroundings of the action taking place.
- Motocikl je parkiran u garaži. (The motorcycle is parked in the garage.)
- Drvo pluta na vodi. (The wood is floating on water.)
- Klizači kližu po ledu. (The ice skaters are skating on ice.)
- Mnogi turisti putuju prema Hrvatskoj kako bi se kupali u hrvatskom moru. (Many tourists travel to Croatia to swim in the Croatian sea.)
The locative case was used in the above sentences because:
- The motorcycle is within something.
- The piece of wood is situated/moving over something.
- The ice skaters are moving/traveling over something.
- The tourists will be swimming in something. Note that the noun “Hrvatskoj” is in the dative case, not the locative. The dative and locative cases are the same for the noun “Hrvatska” but the dative case is used here because the tourists are traveling towards something (Croatia is the tourists’ goal – refer to the dative case for more details).
Prepositions that usually preceed a noun in the locative state: na, o, po, pri, u.